By Will Hasty
The legend of Tristan and Isolde -- the archetypal narrative concerning the turbulent results of all-consuming, passionate love -- accomplished its such a lot entire and profound rendering within the German poet Gottfried von Strassburg's verse romance Tristan (ca. 1200-1210). with his nice literary rival Wolfram von Eschenbach and his flexible predecessor Hartmann von Aue, Gottfried is taken into account considered one of 3 maximum poets produced via medieval Germany, and over the centuries his Tristan has misplaced none of its skill to draw with the wonderful thing about its poetry and to problem -- if now not impress -- with its sympathetic depiction of adulterous love. The essays, written by means of a dozen best Gottfried experts in Europe and North the USA, offer definitive remedies of important elements of this most vital and hard excessive medieval model of the Tristan legend. They research points of Gottfried's remarkable narrative artistry; the $64000 connections among Gottfried's Tristan and the socio-cultural scenario within which it was once composed; and the reception of Gottfried's tough romance either through later poets within the center a while and by way of 19th- and twentieth-century authors, composers, and artists -- really Richard Wagner. the amount additionally comprises new interpretations of vital figures, episodes, and components (Riwalin and Blanscheflur, Isolde of the White fingers, the affection Potion, the functionality of affection, the feminine figures) in Gottfried's innovative romance, which provocatively elevates a sexual, human like to a summum bonum. Will Hasty is Professor of German on the collage of Florida. he's the editor of significant other to Wolfram's ''Parzival,'' (Camden condo, 1999).
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Additional info for A Companion to Gottfried von Strassburg's Tristan
Beyond the purely literary aspect, humanism as an intellectual movement also involved an emancipatory potential. The humanism emanating from Italy in the early modern period was seen to mark the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of a new epoch. In the meantime developments in historical research have suggested that humanism made a much earlier appearance. The critical discussion of humanism, which has increasingly shown itself to be a very complex historical phenomenon, was stimulated especially by Charles Haskins’s book The Renaissance of the 12th Century, but this discussion continues to the present day to be largely shaped by Jakob Burckhardt’s problematical conception of the Renaissance, and Gilson’s contribution on medieval humanism in 1926 could do very little to change the traditional view of humanism as a post-medieval development (see Gilson 171–96, Leclercq 69–113, and Southern 29–135).
Correspondences with the prologue are established by means of the oxymora developed in lines 1073ff. , which show that the Riwalin/Blanscheflur story is being developed in a way that is consistent with Gottfried’s artistic conception. In a long monologue Blanscheflur reaches the liberating insight that it is not some inscrutable zouberlist (spell; 1003)) that has filled her mind with Riwalin, but rather his tugende (fine qualities; 1073), which have set her aflame in minne, the süeze herzesmerze (sweet suffering of heart) of which now lies in her heart.
Another reference to Ovid’s Remedia is visible in the passage in which Tristan falls temporarily away from his love for Isolde in the Isolde White Hands episode. Here Gottfried makes Ovid’s argumentation his own and brings the love of Isolde down to the same HUMANISM IN THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES E 45 level of that harmful love against which Ovid gives his advice. ), for he has often read that ein trutschaft benimet der andern ir craft (one love saps the strength of another), upon which the comparison with the water of the Rhine follows.
A Companion to Gottfried von Strassburg's Tristan by Will Hasty
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