By William M. Leiter
Affirmative motion has been and remains to be the flashpoint of America’s civil rights time table. but whereas the affirmative motion literature is voluminous, no complete account of its significant criminal and public coverage dimensions exists. Samuel and William M. Leiter learn the starting place and development of affirmative motion, its impression on American society, its present country, and its destiny anti-discrimination position, if any. trained by way of numerous varied disciplines-law, heritage, economics, sociology, political technology, city reports, and criminology-the textual content combines the proper criminal fabrics with research and observation from various specialists. This even-handed presentation of the topic of affirmative motion is certain to be a invaluable relief to these trying to comprehend the issue’s many complexities.
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Extra info for Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis
105 SBA accepts applicants’ “ ‘representation’ ” of economic disadvantage, absent contrary evidence. ’’106 Second, SBA’s inclusion decisions are not in keeping with objective socioeconomic data. Measured by the standard demographic indicators of businessformation rates, education, and income, some groups on the presumptiveeligibility list are at the socioeconomic bottom of our society, others at the top. Disparities of this kind and magnitude cannot be satisfactorily explained by any theory of discrimination or disadvantage.
40 In short, what Reconstruction’s version of equal opportunity offered the freedmen focused upon a guarantee of political, but not economic autonomy. In the end, neither was forthcoming. The prospect of political emancipation, seemingly at hand when the freedmen gained the vote, was a mirage. 42 In addition, most of the former slaves never enjoyed any true employment or entrepreneurial opportunity, and for this the blame belongs equally to the North and the South. ”43 They yearned for economic independence,44 but they got little long-term assistance from their erstwhile liberators.
This contention cannot be dismissed out of hand. In casting doubt on the validity of group-eligibility now available to many recently arrived immigrants,117 L/S express widespread concern over this form of overinclusiveness. No less an authority than civil rights historian Professor Hugh Davis Graham shared this concern. He argued that millions of noncitizens can participate in afﬁrmative action, and this operates to disadvantage African Americans whose welfare was the original purpose of afﬁrmative action.
Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis by William M. Leiter
- Constitutional Referendums: The Theory and Practice of - download pdf or read online
- Ronald J. Fiscus, Stephen L. Wasby's The Constitutional Logic of Affirmative Action PDF