By Karin Dokken (auth.)
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However, almost all African conflicts cross international borders and have consequences far beyond the state in which they originate. In other words, African conflicts are transnational and regional. This phenomenon is key to understanding the security-political reality in Africa. The first section of Chapter 3 will be devoted to transnational processes related to African conflicts. ” The power of African political elites has usually been strong and long lasting. At the same time, the state apparatus has been weak and the state has had only limited control of the use of armed power.
The supreme legitimate power in domestic affairs is left to the government. One of the main reasons why such weak states can survive as independent states is that they do not face classical security threats, that is, they do not face external threats to their own survival. Both states and regimes are protected from outside threats by strong international norms. In The State in Africa: Politics of the Belly, Bayart (1993) analyzes the strategies of accumulation that have emerged across the African continent to consolidate power and to create a foundation of sorts for the nationstate.
The neopatrimonial state is usually characterized by a weak state (weak institutions and lack of state control) and a strong regime (an authoritarian elite with no obligation to redistribute the wealth they possess). Patrick Chabal and Jean Pascal Daloz are critical of the concept of neopatrimonialism. In their much-cited book from 1999, Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument, they have analyzed this concept and two closely related analytical perspectives—“the hybrid state” and “the transplanted state” (9–11).
African Security Politics Redefined by Karin Dokken (auth.)
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