By Victoria Sandilands, Paul M. Hocking
How chicken are housed and controlled so that it will make certain profitability, sustainability, and strong degrees of animal welfare are the tough concerns that advertisement chook keepers face, rather the place laws is bringing approximately criminal standards for housing. This e-book compares and contrasts replacement housing with traditional and standard structures for advertisement chicken (laying hens, meat chickens, turkeys, waterfowl and gamebirds) with reference to welfare, disorder, well-being, nutrients, sustainability and genotype-environment interplay.
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Additional resources for Alternative systems for poultry : health, welfare and productivity
KTBL-Schrift 446. Kuratorium fur Technik and Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft eV (KTBL), Darmstadt, Germany, p. 597. AHAW (2005) Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) on a request from the Commission related to the welfare aspects of various systems of keeping laying hens. The EFSA Journal 197, 1-23. C. (1998) Modification of laying hen cages to improve behaviour. Poultry Science 77, 1828-1832. C. O. (1995) The Edinburgh Modified Cage for laying hens. British Poultry Science 36, 707-718.
The European Commission was clearly aware of this fact when laying down the rules for marketing standards for poultry meat (CEC, 2008) since increased minimum age at slaughter was implemented for different alternative production systems. In reality, this can only be achieved with slow growing breeds. All major breeding companies now offer slow growing meat chickens, but also regional breeders supplying traditional breeds like Sulmthaler, New Hampshire or Plymouth Rock are realistic alternatives.
In this perspective, the discussion about essential or luxury needs is therefore superfluous: there are only fulfilled or not fulfilled needs. g. freedom of hunger and thirst) are necessary to keep them alive. F. Frohlich et al. 18 starts to become essential. If these needs are also met, then the birds will try to satisfy the needs of the next level, and so on. To conclude: we should not discuss whether a resource is necessary to fulfil the needs of an animal to improve its welfare, but about the way to provide a well-structured environment with different functional areas and the availability of all the resources that laying hens, pullets or broiler chickens could possibly require to satisfy their needs.
Alternative systems for poultry : health, welfare and productivity by Victoria Sandilands, Paul M. Hocking
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