By Pierre Kobel, Pranvera Këllezi, Bruce Kilpatrick
The publication offers an research of the grocery retail marketplace in a truly huge variety of nations with a global file written through an economist. the second one a part of the ebook deals the research of legal responsibility matters with regards to non-compliance with CSRs with a world record by way of a British barrister. either issues are very timely.
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Extra resources for Antitrust in the Groceries Sector & Liability Issues in Relation to Corporate Social Responsibility
The plaintiff state, California, was able to demonstrate across-the-board price increases following monopoly control. 38 One of the practices that is frequently mentioned as a possible abuse of dominant position by retailers in the grocery market is reselling below cost. In some countries, reselling below cost can be sanctioned only if it is considered to be predatory (Sweden, Belgium, Bulgaria, Finland and Germany). In other countries, reselling below cost is considered an abuse of dominance even if it is not predatory (for example, the Austrian competition law explicitly states that reselling of products (not services) below the purchase price is an abuse of dominance if not objectively justiﬁed).
1 F. Jenny Market Definition in the Grocery Retail Sector None of the countries under review has a statutory deﬁnition of relevant markets. Competition authorities deﬁne relevant products or service markets by examining substitutability for consumers (and using the SSNIP test) and occasionally by considering substitutability on the supply side.
However, the cases of collusion among suppliers of grocery products are much more frequent than the cases of collusion among retailers (even if collusion among retailers is not unknown). 1 Collusion Among Suppliers of Grocery Products A large number of cases of supplier cartels in the grocery sector have been reported. Most of these cartels concern producers of agricultural products. But some of the collusion cases concern a combination of horizontal and vertical collusion between transformers or wholesalers of food products and retail distributors (of the “hub and spoke” variety).
Antitrust in the Groceries Sector & Liability Issues in Relation to Corporate Social Responsibility by Pierre Kobel, Pranvera Këllezi, Bruce Kilpatrick
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