By James A. Coakley Jr., Ping Yang
A first-look at radiative move in planetary atmospheres with a selected concentrate on the Earth's surroundings and weather. The textbook covers the fundamentals of the radiative move of solar, treating absorption and scattering, and the move of the thermal infrared acceptable for neighborhood thermodynamic equilibrium, absorption and emission. The examples incorporated convey how the suggestions of the radiative move equation are utilized in distant sensing to probe the thermal constitution and composition of planetary atmospheres. This motivates scholars by means of best them to a greater knowing of and appreciation for the computer-generated numerical effects.
Aimed at upper-division undergraduates and starting graduate scholars in physics and atmospheric sciences, the e-book is designed to hide the essence of the fabric in a 10-week direction, whereas the cloth within the non-compulsory sections will facilitate its use on the extra leisurely velocity and in-depth concentration of a semester direction.
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Additional resources for Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions
A volume mixing ratio is the number of molecules of a trace gas to the number of air molecules that contains the gas. For carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere the equivalent volume mixing ratio as of 2010 is 390 ppmv (parts per million by volume). Finally, aerosols are composed of small particles in the atmosphere. ” Similarly to water vapor, aerosols have residence times in the atmosphere of a few days to perhaps a week or so depending on the altitudes to which they can be lofted, primarily through convective updrafts.
J. , 19, 3354–3360. Manabe, S. F. (1964) Thermal equilibrium of the atmosphere with convective adjustment. J. Atmos. , 21, 361–385. 7. Manabe, S. T. (1967) 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Thermal equilibrium of the atmosphere with a given distribution of relative humidity. J. Atmos. , 24, 241–259. S. (1964) Attenuation by ozone and the Earth’s albedo in the middle ultraviolet. Appl. , 3, 203–208. A. E. (1974) A parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation in the earth’s atmosphere.
The “observed radiating temperatures” listed in the table are those of a blackbody that emits radiation at the rate given by the emitted zonally averaged infrared radiative ﬂux. The radiative equilibrium temperature in the table is that given by a blackbody in radiative equilibrium with the zonally averaged absorbed solar radiation. In the tropics, the excess of the radiative equilibrium temperature over the observed radiating temperature indicates that the temperatures in the tropics are smaller than would be expected for radiative equilibrium.
Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions by James A. Coakley Jr., Ping Yang
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