By Sabine Fillinger, Yigal Elad
The fungal genus Botrytis is the focal point of in depth medical learn around the globe. The advanced interactions among this pathogen and the vegetation it infects and the industrial significance of the ailments brought on by Botrytis (principally gray mold) on greater than 1400 species of cultivated vegetation pre- and post-harvest, render this pathogen of specific curiosity to farmers, advisers, scholars and researchers in lots of fields around the globe. This 20-chapter publication is a accomplished treatise masking the quickly constructing technological know-how of Botrytis and reflecting the main advancements in experiences of this fungus. it's going to function a resource of common info for experts in agriculture and horticulture, and in addition for college kids and scientists attracted to the biology of this interesting, multifaceted phytopathogenic fungal species.
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Additional resources for Botrytis – the Fungus, the Pathogen and its Management in Agricultural Systems
2012). The aim of the present chapter is to give a picture of current knowledge on essential genetic features of this important phytopathogenic fungus updating previous reviews on the same issue (Faretra and Grindle 1992; Beever and Weeds 2004). 2 Numbers of Nuclei and Chromosomes The life cycle of B. cinerea is reported in Fig. 1. Hyphal cells and conidia are multinucleate. Conidia contain generally 3–6 nuclei (Grindle 1979; Lorenz and Eichorn 1983; Shirane et al. 1988, 1989) whilst microconidia are uninucleate, usually not able to germinate on culture media, and have the function of male gametes (spermatia) in sexual process.
New pathogenic taxa are still being discovered at a regular frequency. For example, the most recent discoveries are B. sinoviticola (Zhou et al. 2014) and B. deweyae (Grant-Downton et al. 2014). The former is a cryptic species associated with Vitis vinifera in China that, unlike its close relatives, B. cinerea and B. pseudocinerea, requires injury of the host to permit infection. The latter species has been identified only from cultivated Hemerocallis (daylily) and so far appears to be pathogenic only on this genus.
10 and T4. Euk Cell 11:1413–1414 Staats M, Van Baarlen P, Van Kan JA (2005) Molecular phylogeny of the plant pathogenic genus Botrytis and the evolution of host specificity. Mol Biol Evol 22:333–346 Staats M, Van Baarlen P, Schouten A et al (2007) Positive selection in phytotoxic protein encoding genes of Botrytis species. Fungal Genet Biol 44:52–63 Suarez MB, Walsh K, Boonham N et al (2005) Development of real-time (TaqMan) assays for the detection and quantification of Botrytis cinerea in planta.
Botrytis – the Fungus, the Pathogen and its Management in Agricultural Systems by Sabine Fillinger, Yigal Elad
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