By Gerald Staib
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Extra resources for Components and systems : modular building : design, construction, new technologies
From these coordinate systems based on two-dimensional planar grids or three-dimensional spatial grids can then be developed (fig. B 14). The planning, manufacture and assembly of the building elements are based on this system. The grid for the load-bearing structure can be independent of the grids for the internal fit-out and building envelope; this is usually the case with frame building systems. The spacing of the columns is based on an axial grid. For panel B 14 100 mm 12 1M B 13 B 14 B 15 B 16 B 17 B 18 44 Reference lines of various grid types, a axial grid b modular grid c combination of axial and modular grids Relationship between planar and spatial grids Modular classification, basic module and multimodule Widely used multi-modules for room dimensions based on measurements of human beings Preferred dimensions of multiples of the basic module Geometric position of a facade in relation to the structure a ceiling / floor slabs fixed to the columns b ceiling / floor slabs, projecting c ceiling / floor slabs flush with front face of column Position of the façade plane 1 in front of the columns 2 in front of and touching the column 3 between the columns 4 behind and touching the columns 5 behind the columns 1M 1M a 8 9 3M 8 3M 3 2 5 6 b 6 4 1 6M 6 c Modular classification a Basic module The basic module is the increment used for dimensioning.
14 p. 163). The Metastadt (meta-city) project by Richard Dietrich, which was started at the end of the 1960s, was an attempt to offer new urban solutions, for which a new range of technical construction instruments had to be invented and developed. Meta-cities are created through the regeneration and intensification of existing cities. To achieve this goal an element building system for flexible, multi-functional, multi-storey buildings, in which, essentially, all the components can be varied was created.
140  Klotz, Heinrich: Vision der Moderne. Das Prinzip Konstruktion. Frankfurt 1986, p. 280  ibid. 170  ibid. , p. 286  Diedrith, Richard: Metastadt – Idee und Wirklichkeit. In: db 8/1975, p. 29  Nerdinger, Winfried: Konstruktion und Raum in der Architektur des 20. Jahrhunderts. Munich 2002, p. 122  Spieker, Elisabeth: Günter Behnisch – Die Entwicklung des architektonischen Werkes. Diss. 2005 TU Stuttgart, p. 70  ibid. , p. 75  ibid. , p. 83  ibid.
Components and systems : modular building : design, construction, new technologies by Gerald Staib
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