By Khalid Rehman Hakeem

ISBN-10: 3319231618

ISBN-13: 9783319231617

ISBN-10: 3319231626

ISBN-13: 9783319231624

Meeting the world’s foodstuff defense problem would require a multi-national, collaborative attempt to combine the simplest examine from technology, engineering and socioeconomics in order that technological advances can carry advantages the place they're such a lot wanted. the current ebook covers the influence of significant environmental difficulties on crop creation and the way to deal with those concerns for sustainable agriculture and enhancements of plants.

The world’s inhabitants is expected to hit 9.6 Billion via 2050, up from today’s overall of approximately 7.3 Billion, and with it meals call for is expected to extend considerably. The post-war ‘second agricultural revolution’ in constructed nations, and the ‘green revolution’ in constructing countries within the mid- Nineteen Sixties switched over agricultural practices and increased crop yields spectacularly, however the end result is levelling off and won't meet projected call for. at the same time, crop construction is tormented by many different components, together with business toxins, overuse of fertilizers and pesticides, heavy steel and radiation stresses and so on. it's been famous that many pests have gotten proof against pesticides. Estimates differ, yet round 25% of plants might be misplaced to pests and ailments. weather switch linked to agriculture can be a world factor. Agriculture is an important contributor to greenhouse gases and is predicted to account for 10-12% of overall greenhouse gasoline (GHG) emissions. a few of the matters highlighted are international difficulties and are addressed thoroug

hly during this work.

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However, no change in the number of tillers was seen due to high exposure to UV-B (Mohammed and Tarpley 2011). Research has been conducted to check the effects of UV and PAR on the morphology of barley. In this case, UV/PAR treatment was applied to the crop and effects were calculated after 7 days. When UV + PAR+ treatment was done, reduction in leaf length of young leaves and in leaf area was observed. Under UV + PARtreatment significant reductions in leaf area and width were observed along with an increase in leaf thickness.

J Hazard Mater 219–220:1–12 Shahid M, Ferrand E, Schreck E, Dumat C (2013a) Behavior and impact of zirconium in the soilplant system: plant uptake and phytotoxicity. Environ Contam Toxicol 221:107–127 Shahid M, Xiong T, Castrec-Rouelle M, Leveque T, Dumat C (2013b) Water extraction kinetics of metals, arsenic and dissolved organic carbon from industrial contaminated poplar leaves. J Environ Sci 25:2451–2459 Shahid M, Austruy A, Echevarria G, Arshad M, Sanaullah M, Aslam M, Nadeem M, Nasim W, Dumat C (2014a) EDTA-enhanced phytoremediation of heavy metals: a review.

Arch Biochem Biophys 497:13–20 Xiong T, Leveque T, Shahid M, Foucault Y, Mombo S, Dumat C (2014) Lead and cadmium phytoavailability and human bioaccessibility for vegetables exposed to soil or atmospheric pollution by process ultrafine particles. J Environ Qual 43:1593–1600 Xu W, Li W, He J, Balwant S, Xiong Z (2009) Effects of insoluble Zn, Cd, and EDTA on the growth, activities of antioxidant enzymes and uptake of Zn and Cd in Vetiveria zizanioides. J Environ Sci (China) 21:186–192 Xu H, Song P, Gu W, Yang Z (2011) Effects of heavy metals on production of thiol compounds and antioxidant enzymes in Agaricus bisporus.

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