By A. F. Rowley, Hartmut Kühn, T. Schewe

ISBN-10: 0691009023

ISBN-13: 9780691009025

ISBN-10: 1400873118

ISBN-13: 9781400873111

Eicosanoids are a various workforce of biologically lively molecules derived from polyunsaturated fatty acid precursors. This quantity attracts jointly for the 1st time a chain of overviews at the biosynthesis and sensible importance of those and comparable compounds in quite a lot of animals, crops, and micro-organisms. All chapters are written via well-known specialists of their fields, and lots of utilize a great deal of unpublished fabrics. This quantity is geared toward complicated undergraduates and at researchers attracted to lipid biochemistry and normal plant and animal biology.

Originally released in 1999.

The Princeton Legacy Library makes use of the newest print-on-demand expertise to back make to be had formerly out-of-print books from the celebrated backlist of Princeton collage Press. those paperback variants look after the unique texts of those vital books whereas offering them in sturdy paperback versions. The aim of the Princeton Legacy Library is to tremendously raise entry to the wealthy scholarly history present in the hundreds of thousands of books released via Princeton college Press seeing that its founding in 1905.

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1992) E nzym e N om enclature. R ecom m endations of the N om enclature C o m m ittee of the Intern atio n al U n io n of B iochem istry and M olecular Biology on the N om enclature and Classification of Enzymes, Academic Press, San Diego 9. , Schewe, T. M. (1986) Adv. Enzym ol. 58,273-311 10. Yamamoto, S. (1992) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1128,117-131 11. H . (1992) FASEB J. 6,713-736 12. Euler, H . (1936) J. Physiol. 88,213-216 13. J. M. (1992) N ature (London) 367,243-249 14. , Ekabo, O . M. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 7330-7340 15.

T h e reaction involves an abstraction of the p ro -5 hydrogen fro m the p ro ch iral centre C 8 and (8A )-oxygen in sertion [51]. T he (8A )-dioxygenase reaction (Scheme 11) differs from the L O X reaction in several m echanistic aspects: (i) the linoleate (8R )dioxygenase reaction involves a hydrogen abstraction from an allylic m ethylene (bond dissociation energy of 88 kcal-mol-1) whereas L O X s remove hydrogen from bisallylic m ethylenes (bond dissociation energy of 75 kcal-m ol-1). (ii) D u rin g linoleate (8R)-oxygenation, oxygen is introduced at the same allylic methylene that hydrogen is removed from .

Y384 on COX-I andY371 on COX-Z are the active sites for the formation of tyrosine radical in the cyclooxygenase reaction. H387 on COX-I and H3 74 on COX-Z are the proximal haem ligands for the enzymes. S529 on COX-I and 5516 on COX-Z are the aspirin-acetylated serine residues. Capital letters indicate amino acid residues, and the attached integers indicate residue numbers in the enzymes. Tanabe 28 recently determ ined by X -ray crystallography (Fig. 2) [48], giving fu rth er insight on the function of the enzyme.

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Eicosanoids and related compounds in plants and animals by A. F. Rowley, Hartmut Kühn, T. Schewe

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