By John W. Fuquay, Patrick F. Fox, Paul L. H. McSweeney

ISBN-10: 0123744024

ISBN-13: 9780123744029

Dairy technology comprises the learn of milk and milk-derived meals items, studying the organic, chemical, actual, and microbiological features of milk itself in addition to the technological (processing) points of the transformation of milk into its a variety of buyer items, together with drinks, fermented items, centred and dried items, butter and ice cream.

This new version comprises details at the attainable effect of genetic amendment of dairy animals, protection matters of uncooked milk and uncooked milk items, peptides in milk, dairy-based bronchial asthma, packaging and shelf-life and different subject matters of value and curiosity to these in dairy learn and industry.

  • Fully reviewed, revised and up-to-date with the most recent advancements in Dairy Science
  • Full colour inserts in each one quantity illustrate key concepts
  • Extended index for simply finding information

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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences, Second Edition

Example text

P Aureli, G Franciosa and C Scalfaro 47 Coxiella burnetii C Heydel and H Willems 54 Escherichia coli P Desmarchelier and N Fegan 60 Enterobacteriaceae S K Anand and M W Griffiths Enterobacter spp. S Cooney, C Iversen, B Healy, S O’Brien and S Fanning Listeria monocytogenes Mycobacterium spp. Salmonella spp. Shigella spp. 67 E T Ryser 81 J Dalton and C Hill 87 C Poppe 93 E Villalobo 99 Staphylococcus aureus – Molecular Staphylococcus aureus – Dairy Yersinia enterocolitica 72 T J Foster 104 H Asperger and P Zangerl 111 M D Barton 117 PLANT AND EQUIPMENT Process and Plant Design R P Singh and S E Zorrilla Materials and Finishes for Plant and Equipment 124 K Cronin and R Cocker Flow Equipment: Principles of Pump and Piping Calculations J C Oliveira 134 139 Flow Equipment: Pumps J C Oliveira 145 Flow Equipment: Valves K Cronin and E Byrne 152 Agitators in Milk Processing Plants K Cronin and J J Fitzpatrick 160 xlvi Contents Centrifuges and Separators: Types and Design B Heymann Centrifuges and Separators: Applications in the Dairy Industry Heat Exchangers O J McCarthy 175 U Bolmstedt Pasteurizers, Design and Operation Evaporators 166 184 A L Kelly and N O’Shea 193 V Gekas and K Antelli Milk Dryers: Drying Principles Milk Dryers: Dryer Design 200 E Refstrup and J Bonke 208 M Skanderby 216 Instrumentation and Process Control: Instrumentation R Oliveira, P Georgieva and S Feyo de Azevedo 234 Instrumentation and Process Control: Process Control P Georgieva 242 Robots J C Oliveira Corrosion 252 P D Fox 257 Continuous Process Improvement and Optimization Quality Engineering J C Oliveira 263 J C Oliveira Safety Analysis and Risk Assessment In-Place Cleaning 273 N Hyatt 277 M Walton 283 POLICY SCHEMES AND TRADE IN DAIRY PRODUCTS Agricultural Policy Schemes: Price and Support Systems in Agricultural Policy H O Hansen 286 Agricultural Policy Schemes: European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy M Keane and D O’Connor 295 Agricultural Policy Schemes: United States’ Agricultural System 300 Agricultural Policy Schemes: Other Systems Codex Alimentarius E Jesse P Vavra 306 C Heggum Standards of Identity of Milk and Milk Products 312 C Heggum Trade in Milk and Dairy Products, International Standards: Harmonized Systems 322 K Svendsen 331 Trade in Milk and Dairy Products, International Standards: World Trade Organization A M Arve 338 World Trade Organization and Other Factors Shaping the Dairy Industry in the Future P Vavra 345 PREBIOTICS Types T Sako and R Tanaka Functions 354 T Sako and R Tanaka 365 PSYCHROTROPHIC BACTERIA Arthrobacter spp.

Shorthorn genes are found in the ancestry of some 30 breeds of cattle worldwide. Zebu Cattle Zebu (B. indicus) cattle, characterized by a large hump above the shoulders, originated in Southeast Asia and are dual purpose. Zebu is more heat tolerant and resistant to insects because of its thicker skin and is found primarily in tropical climates. Breeds for dairying include Gir and Red Sandhi. The Industrial Revolution – The Beginnings of Modern Agriculture Agriculture was a huge benefactor of the Industrial Revolution.

The use of a TMR provided the opportunity to offer all feedstuffs in a bunk located outside the milking parlor. Parlor feeding increased cow time in the parlor, feed wastage, and parlor cleanup time compared to a TMR offered in an outside bunk. Automatic feeders came on the market in the mid1970s. The principle of automatic feeders was that managers identified high-producing cows that required supplementation beyond the herd average. The first automatic feeders utilized a magnet on a chain around the neck of the cow.

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Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences, Second Edition by John W. Fuquay, Patrick F. Fox, Paul L. H. McSweeney

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