By Derek C. Knottenbelt, Reg R. Pascoe, Michelle Leblanc, Cheryl Lopate
This useful, hands-on consultant addresses all features of equine replica and breeding. Introductory chapters evaluate key features of stud farm layout and equine meals, comparing how those elements have an effect on the overall healthiness of horses and foals. unique chapters talk about the stallion and mare, notion, parturition, the health and wellbeing of the foal, and different crucial issues. either therapy and surgical procedure are coated intimately, with broad full-color illustrations designed to aid the veterinarian diagnose and deal with all stipulations appropriate to equine replica.
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Extra info for Equine Stud Farm Medicine & Surgery
Similarly, a stallion that is underweight will probably not be a long-term vigorous breeder. Dietary supplementation with vitamins and minerals does not seem to be helpful in the face of a good, balanced roughage diet based on high-quality hay or pasture. In particular, vitamins A and E do not seem to be needed in extra supply for normal fertility and libido,1'2 but the provision of the extra diet usually results in increases in supply in any case. 1 The normal feeding requirements for a 500-kg stallion (DCP, digestible crude protein) Nutrient Maintenance Stud season Energy (mJ) Protein (g DCP) Calcium (g/day) Phosphate (g/day) Vitamin A (lU/day) 420-450 650 20 14 15,000 500-550 820 25 18 22,000 22 EQUINE STUD FARM MEDICINE AND SURGERY Exercising Moderate daily exercise is probably essential for working stallions, but during this time they are at some risk of self-trauma or escape.
While on balance they are probably not advisable, they are often better than ground feeding in times of severe drought. All of these feeders can cause potential injury to mares and foals; this can be compounded if overcrowding occurs (Fig. 27). Fig. 27 Injuries usually occur with over-crowding at hay and other feeders. Fig. 28 Simple steel yards with loading bay. Fig. 29 Simple minimal loading ramp allows easy loading of young horses. Fig. 26 Three-meter (10-foot) feeders can safely accommodate four quiet horses, but may only cater for two incompatible horses.
During the nonbreeding season a good-quality pasture should provide sufficient nutrition, but access to minerals should be allowed, possibly using a general mineral block or a self-feed variety (cafeteria system). Before the start of the breeding season the stallion should receive a small concentrate feed so that his weight increases slightly. Stallions with a heavy reproductive demand or those in inclement (cold) conditions will inevitably need at least some concentrate feed. Regular accurate weight measurement is probably a very useful management procedure.
Equine Stud Farm Medicine & Surgery by Derek C. Knottenbelt, Reg R. Pascoe, Michelle Leblanc, Cheryl Lopate
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