By Richard Kieckhefer
История европейских «Процессов Ведьм».
This learn concentrates at the interval among 1300 and 1500 while principles approximately witchcraft have been being shaped and witch-hunting was once accumulating momentum. it truly is curious about distinguishing among the preferred and realized rules of witchcraft. the writer has built his personal method for distinguishing well known from discovered thoughts, which gives enough substantiation for the recognition of a few records and the rejection of others.
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История европейских «Процессов Ведьм». This examine concentrates at the interval among 1300 and 1500 while rules approximately witchcraft have been being shaped and witch-hunting was once collecting momentum. it really is fascinated about distinguishing among the preferred and realized rules of witchcraft. the writer has constructed his personal method for distinguishing renowned from discovered thoughts, which supplies sufficient substantiation for the reputation of a few records and the rejection of others.
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Extra resources for European Witch Trials, Their Foundations in Popular and Learned Culture, 1300-1500
On one occasion she had kissed the bear as a sign of homage, and soon aften vard the beast had scratched her so roughly on the finger that she feared it had come off; indeed, even at the time of the interrogation it was still sore. orshippers she had been induced to kill children and raise storms. In these last-mentioned details the inquisitor shared with the original accusers an interest in sorcery. But he was above all concerned with diabolism, and with a modicum of inducement-at least some of the confessions were extracted under torture-he succeeded in eliciting the expected information.
For obvious reasons literary texts- treatises on witchcraft, judicial manuals, chronicles, sermons, and so forth-annot qualify as faithful sources for the beliefs of the illiterate masses. They no doubt incorporate material that derived from popular belief, but the historian has no assurance that they present folk tradition in a pure form, unmixed with distinctively learned notions. Even when an author claims to be representing popular belief one cannot accept his testimony as ideal evidence. Elliot Rose has correctly emphasized that litterateurs such as Jean de Meung frequently claimed to be relating contemporary folklore when they were in fact merely paraphrasing texts from canon law.
38 If these judicial rules had been maintained throughout Europe, no doubt very few people would havc raised accusations of this kind, difficult as they were to prove. M ter the introduction of inquisitorial procedure, one might expect a surge of prosecution such as in fact occurred. And to some degree the concern with trials for sorcery would be self-perpetuating; under appropriate circumstances, the sensation aroused by onc trial could generate a chain of further trials. I ndirectly, the spurt of witch trials beginning around 1375 may also have been influenced by the plague.
European Witch Trials, Their Foundations in Popular and Learned Culture, 1300-1500 by Richard Kieckhefer
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