By Juan Pablo Aranguren Romero
This publication analyzes the implementation of legislation 975 in Colombia, referred to as the Justice and Peace legislation, and proposes a severe view of the transitional state of affairs in Colombia from 2005 onwards. the writer analyzes 3 points of the legislations: 1) the method of negotiation with paramilitary teams; 2) The structure of the gang Memoria Histórica (Historic reminiscence) in Colombia and three) the method of a 2007 legislations that was once eventually no longer handed. The booklet comprises interviews with key actors within the justice and peace strategy in Colombia. the writer analyses the contradictions, tensions, ambiguities and paradoxes that outline the practices of such actors. This e-book highlights severe view of this type of transitional situation is quintessential to figure out steps in the direction of a simply and peaceable society.
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Extra info for Managing Testimony and Administrating Victims: Colombia’s Transitional Scenario under the Justice and Peace Act
Romero and Arias 2010: 39) Considering also the rise in the number of threats made by “neo-paramilitary” groups against victims’ organizations and human rights organizations, it is difﬁcult to see a break between the “old” and “new” groups. 16 The rise in selective murders and threats suggests, as rightly observed by Restrepo and Franco in 2007, that [ . . ] “reorganized” groups do not need to resort to mass violence: they ﬁnd it more useful to administrate fear. Once fear has been interiorized, there is no need to exercise violence in an overt way, because it can play a regulating function.
Already in the year 2007, in its eighth quarterly report, the Veriﬁcation Committee of the Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (Misión de Apoyo al Proceso de Paz, or MAPP), sent by the Organization of American States (OAS), stated: In its veriﬁcation efforts, the MAPP/OAS has found violations to the commitments undertaken, including the commitments calling for demobilization and the dissolving and dismantling of units. The Mission notes with concern possible cases of rearming, the existence of non-demobilized holdouts, and the appearance of other armed groups, especially within the zone of inﬂuence of the demobilized North Block (Bloque Norte), which was under the command of “Jorge 40,” and in some departments (provinces) where the Bolívar Central Block (Bloque Central Bolívar, BCB) operated.
Under section 28 of the political constitution, the president also delegates on the military the power to detain for ten days anyone under suspicion of disrupting the public order, in addition to other powers stipulated in section 121 in the event of war or disruption of the public order. The late 1970s should not be understood as a reﬂection of the weakness or fragility of a state that, unable to effectively and rigorously administer justice, was forced to delegate that function on a military institution that 1 THE ORIGINS OF VICTIMIZATION AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF WAR .
Managing Testimony and Administrating Victims: Colombia’s Transitional Scenario under the Justice and Peace Act by Juan Pablo Aranguren Romero
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