By Douglas E. Appelt

ISBN-10: 0511624573

ISBN-13: 9780511624575

ISBN-10: 0521301157

ISBN-13: 9780521301152

ISBN-10: 0521438039

ISBN-13: 9780521438032

This booklet is an research into the issues of producing ordinary language utterances to meet particular pursuits the speaker has in brain. it really is therefore an formidable and critical contribution to investigate on language new release in synthetic intelligence, which has formerly targeted more often than not at the challenge of translation from an inner semantic illustration into the objective language. Dr. Appelt's technique, in keeping with a possible-worlds semantics of an intensional common sense of data and motion, allows him to boost a proper illustration of the results of illocutionary acts and the speaker's ideals concerning the hearer's wisdom of the realm. the idea is embodied and illustrated in a working laptop or computer procedure, KAMP (Knowledge and Modalities Planner), defined within the ebook. Dr. Appelt's paintings hence has vital functions to the layout of interactive computers, multiagent making plans platforms and the making plans of information acquisition.

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Extra info for Planning English Sentences (Studies in Natural Language Processing)

Example text

Similarly, one agent, A\y may perform an action that is observed by a second agent, A2, without Ai's knowing that At is observing and can see what is going on. Finally, there are actions such as speech acts that always involve at least two agents, with both of them mutually aware of the performance of the action. This section describes the fundamental case of the effect of an action on the private knowledge of an agent. The effect of actions on mutual knowledge will be discussed in Section 5 (of this chapter) which deals with the representation of mutual knowledge.

The basic control strategy was backward-chaining from a partially specified goal state. Kowalski (Kowalski, 1974) demonstrated that it was not only possible to formalize planning entirely within logic, but that with appropriate constraints on the axioms, planning could be carried out through normal deduction procedures with about the same complexity as the STRIPS approach. The next major advance in planning was the encoding of planning operators in a hierarchy of abstraction, as advocated by Sacerdoti (Sacerdoti, 1977).

This is appropriate if what one is reasoning about is belief rather than knowledge. The inference rules for standard modal logics are the familiar modus ponens and necessitation (if P is a theorem, then so is DP). Any modal logic that uses modus ponens and necessitation as rules of inference, and is at least as strong as K, has the following property: if P D Q is a theorem, then so is D P D DQ. Therefore, whenever P is a theorem and an agent believes P, then he must also believe Q. One might therefore reason that, if either Fermat's Last Theorem or its negation follows from Peano's axioms, any agent who knows Peano's axioms knows whether Fermat's Last Theorem is true or false.

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Planning English Sentences (Studies in Natural Language Processing) by Douglas E. Appelt

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