By Chloe Campbell

ISBN-10: 0719071607

ISBN-13: 9780719071607

Race and Empire tells the tale of a short-lived yet vehement eugenics move that emerged between a bunch of Europeans in Kenya within the Thirties, unleashing a collection of writings on racial ameliorations in intelligence extra severe than that emanating from the other British colony within the 20th century.

The Kenyan eugenics move of the Thirties tailored British principles to the colonial setting: in all its extremity, Kenyan eugenics was once no longer easily a strange and embarrassing colonial mutation, because it was once later brushed off, yet a logical extension of British eugenics in a colonial context. by way of tracing the historical past of eugenic proposal in Kenya, the books indicates how the flow took on a particular colonial personality, pushed by means of settler political preoccupations and reacting to more and more outspoken African calls for for higher, and extra autonomous, schooling. the industrial fragility of Kenya within the early Thirties made the eugenicists quite depending on British monetary help. eventually, the suspicious reaction of the Colonial place of work and the top Minister, Ramsay MacDonald, subsidized up through a transforming into specialist challenge approximately race in technology, ended in the failure of Kenyan eugenics to realize the mandatory British backing. regardless of this loss of concrete luck, eugenic theories on race and intelligence have been commonly supported by means of the scientific occupation in Kenya, in addition to strong individuals of the legitimate and non-official ecu settler inhabitants. The long term disasters of the eugenics flow will not be blind us to its effect one of the social and administrative elite of colonial Kenya.

Through a detailed exam of attitudes in the direction of race and intelligence in a British colony, Race and Empire finds how eugenics was once valuable to colonial racial theories earlier than global warfare Two.

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Extra resources for Race and Empire: Eugenics in Colonial Kenya

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163–6. H. Lundborg, ‘The Danger of Degeneracy’, Eugenics Review, 13/4 (1921), pp. 531–9, 532. [ 36 ] BRITISH EUGENICS, EMPIRE AND RACE 74 Stepan, The Idea of Race in Science, p. 112. 75 S. Fazan, An Examination of the Rate of Population Increase of the Kikuyu Tribe (1932), KNA, VQ/1/20. 76 Kenya Colony and Protectorate Census, 1948, KNA, CS/1/1/3. 77 M. G. Redley, ‘The Politics of a Predicament: The White Community in Kenya 1918–1932’ (PhD thesis, Cambridge, 1976), p. 3. 78 Kenya Colony and Protectorate Census, 1948, KNA, CS/1/1/3.

62 Keith believed that human races were ancient and distinct from one another, emphasising the biological essentialism of race. Elliot Smith was an ardent believer in diffusionism, the theory that cultural and technological inventions were made once and then spread across human populations. The underlying focus of diffusionism was on culture rather than race; it implied that human brains were largely the same in different races and that cultural development relied on the circumstances of exposure and [ 23 ] RACE AND EMPIRE environment.

159. E. J. Lidbetter, ‘The Social Problem Group as Illustrated by a Series of East London Pedigrees’, Eugenics Review, 24/1 (1932), p. 9. Mazumdar, Eugenics, Human Genetics and Human Failings, p. 139. Kevles, In the Name of Eugenics, p. 176. Mazumdar, Eugenics, Human Genetics and Human Failings, p. 211. , p. 196. , pp. 196–230. Report of the Mental Deficiency Committee being a Joint Committee of the Board of Education and the Board of Control (Wood Report) (London, 1929). ‘Report of Mental Deficiency Committee’, BMJ (1932), Supplement, 25 June, pp.

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