By Franck Lecocq
Kingdom and traits of the Carbon marketplace 2004 examines the prestige of the rising marketplace for greenhouse gases emissions allowances and greenhouse gases emission aid tasks ВЎX the so-called "carbon market." in accordance with a database of 354 transactions, this examine exhibits that the marketplace has been growing to be gradually over the last years, with call for nonetheless seriously targeted and provide moving from Latin the US to Asia. It additionally explores the determinants of the cost of carbon, displaying that, within the absence of a typical agreement for the acquisition of emission savings, the constitution of the transaction has a powerful effect at the rate. This examine reveals that the carbon marketplace is growing to be gradually. a complete of sixty four million metric tones of carbon dioxide similar (tCO2e) has been exchanged via tasks from January to may perhaps 2004, approximately up to in the course of the complete yr 2003 (78 million). moment, the call for for emission mark downs continues to be seriously centred, with a couple of european Governments and jap organisations the most important dealers. 3rd, Asia is now the most important provider of emission rate reductions, through Latin the USA, built economies, and jap Europe. final, costs of project-based emission discounts in early 2004 have remained basically reliable in comparison with 2003. within the absence of a typical agreement, those costs strongly rely on the constitution of the transaction, significantly risk-sharing among dealers and .
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Additional info for State And Trends Of The Carbon Market 2004 (World Bank Working Papers)
27. Chris Rowland of Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein (DRKW) presented an estimate of 50 million tons at the 6th EURELECTRIC Trading Day conference on April 2, 2004. pdf. 28. Because the NAPs address only the pilot phase of the ETS (although it is our understanding that the agreement in Germany also includes a figure for the first commitment period), it is not possible to draw conclusions on the longer term prices. Everything will depend on the NAPs for the 2008–2012 phase of the EU ETS. State and Trends of the Carbon Market—2004 31 Market Outlook We anticipate that the market for JI and CDM transactions is likely to grow steadily in the coming 12 to 18 months.
A total of 64 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) has been exchanged through projects from January to May 2004, nearly as much as during the whole year 2003 (78 million). Secondly, the demand for emission reductions remains heavily concentrated, with a few EU governments and Japanese firms the largest buyers. Third, Asia is now the largest supplier of emission reductions, followed by Latin America, developed economies, and Eastern Europe. Fourth, prices of project-based emission reductions in early 2004 have remained essentially stable compared with 2003.
Draft prepared by Natsource LLC for the Electric Power Research Institute, the International Energy Agency, the International Emissions Trading Association and Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationals, September 2003. 30. That baselines for CDM can be established for a period up to 21 years implies that the ERs generated by these projects are intended to have value beyond 2012. 31. Based on the experience of the Prototype Carbon Fund, and on energy and infrastructure projects developed by the World Bank.
State And Trends Of The Carbon Market 2004 (World Bank Working Papers) by Franck Lecocq
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