By I. Beritashvili

ISBN-10: 1468418998

ISBN-13: 9781468418996

ISBN-10: 1468419013

ISBN-13: 9781468419016

activity, correct either to animals and to guy. This a part of our learn used to be summarized in 1947 within the e-book, at the easy kinds of Neural and Psycho­ neural job. Then, within the 1940's and 1950's, we performed a multifaceted learn of spatial orientation within the surroundings, one of many greater different types of psychic task of vertebrates and guy. within the learn of spatial orientation, that's established solely on psychic reminiscence, we come even towards the learn of the latter. the jobs of visible, auditory, vestibular, olfactory, and proprio­ ceptive receptors, and the dependence of reminiscence on them for orientation in house have been investigated, in addition to the jobs of alternative areas of the cortex and different elements of the mind in those manifestations of reminiscence. the result of this research have been summarized in 1959 within the ebook, On Neural Mechanisms of Spatial Orientation in greater Vertebrates. within the final ten years we've set ourselves the target of a multifaceted examine of the beginning of snapshot reminiscence in several representatives of the vertebrate sequence, from fish to monkeys inclusively.

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7 m. Meat was then placed in one of these within the view of the animal, after which all three pans were covered. The food placed in the pan thus acted simultaneously on visual, auditory, and olfactory receptors. After various intervals of time, the dog, which had been kept behind the screen, was allowed to go to the pans. In the overwhelming majority of cases, intact dogs responded appropriately. They immediately opened the pan that had been filled with food, and did not open the empty ones. The maximum delay for the appropriate response was 3 min.

The image of it and its location amid the particular surroundings, but also a memory of its absence in a given location. If a dog has eaten all of the food Origin of Short-Term Image Memory 21 in some location to which it is unaccustomed, then for a time it will not go there or will go only very slowly, and turn around before reaching it. Or, the animal may go up to the location of the food, and, without even sniffing at it, immediately turn around. Characteristically, however, the animal may go there again after some minutes.

If it is kept in mind that the proreal gyri are widely connected with the premotor and sensorimotor regions of the cortex, as well as with all of the principal somatosensory coordinating mechanisms of subcortical formations, then it can be asserted that upon activation of the entire unified system of the substrates of memory, the external responses are evoked in the main by the proreal gyri. , ensue from corticofugal pathways of the proreal gyrus. Moreover, if it is kept in mind that prolonged retention of the perceived object is a basic condition of mental activity, and that the latter depends in a major way on association neurons of the proreal gyri, then it can also be asserted that intellectual phylogenetic development of vertebrates originates basically as a result of a quantitative growth and qualitative development of the association neurons of the proreal gyrus.

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Vertebrate Memory: Characteristics and Origin by I. Beritashvili

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