By Arie M. Kacowicz

ISBN-10: 0791439577

ISBN-13: 9780791439579

The time period "zones of peace" has been utilized in connection with the chilly conflict (1945-1989) and to split peace one of the democracies built steadily during the final 2 hundred years. during this e-book, despite the fact that, Kacowicz strikes past a eu concentration to contemplate the theoretical and historic value of the time period within the context of the 3rd international. He argues that there were sessions of "long peace," in order that zones of peace, characterised by way of the absence of interstate conflict, have built in South the United States because the past due Eighties and one of the West African nations on account that their independence within the early Nineteen Sixties.

Kacowicz explores how nearby peace is maintained in South American and West Africa in the course of the distilling of different motives, together with Realism, Liberalism, and pride with the territorial established order. He additionally examines how peace should be maintained between states that sometimes maintain Western democratic regimes by means of delivering a critique (and development) upon the "democratic peace" concept. Peace can certainly be maintained, he asserts, between nondemocratic states, even if there's a direct courting among the standard of the neighborhood peace and the kind of political regimes sustained through the nations in any given zone.

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Sample text

Thus, the maintenance of peace among democracies in a given region could be epiphenomenal; it could be due to factors other than democratic norms and institutional restraints. 7 Moreover, if the phenomenon to be explained is peace at the regional level, and not only peace among the OECD countries, one must be aware that the democratic peace explanations are too limited and restrictive to "grasp" different types of peace in different regions of the world at different time periods.

It has been explained by alternative and complementary causes, including the presence of nuclear weapons, the replacement of a multipolar with a bipolar configuration of power, and a roughly equal distribution of military power between the two superpowers (see Gaddis 1991, 27; Mearsheimer 1990, 11).  For example, Bruce Russett and Harvey Starr adduce five causes of peace among these states, as follows: (1) a response to a common threat by an external enemy; (2) the construction of supranational institutions, such as the European Union; (3) the development of strong economic ties and links of social communication; (4) the achievement and continued expectation of substantial economic benefits to all the members of the region; and (5) the acceptance of the values and institutions associated with liberal democracy (Russett and Starr 1989, 417­33).

As Raymond Cohen (1994, 220­22) suggests, their democratic structures have also been nurtured by their continuous peace since 1945, a peace created by the bipolar structure after World War II and maintained by nuclear weapons and the presence of a third­party threat (the former Soviet Union) until recently.  In addition, revisionist and irredentist claims by states like Poland, Hungary, and Romania and nationalist demands by subnational groups in Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and different parts of the Soviet Union were repressed by the overarching political and military presence of the Soviet Union and its Communist ideology.

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Zones of Peace in the Third World: South America and West Africa in Comparative Perspective by Arie M. Kacowicz


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