By Peter Lawler

ISBN-10: 1555875076

ISBN-13: 9781555875077

Locations the paintings of Johan Galtung within the context of prior and present debates in diplomacy, political thought, and extra more often than not, within the social sciences. This accomplished and demanding account scrutinises Galtung's conceptual icons, reminiscent of, confident peace and structural violence.

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Extra info for A Question of Values: Johan Galtung's Peace Research

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Equality 5. Social justice Alienation Uniformity Poverty Inequality Social injustice 37 38 6. Equity 7. Autonomy 8. Solidarity 9. Participation 10. Ecological balance Exploitation Penetration Fragmentation Marginalization Ecological imbalance These value dimensions emerged out of the 1973 world congress of the International Political Science Association that established a transnational group to study and implement a World Indicators Program. The WIP was intended as a contribution to a growing social indicators movement and with which it shared a concern about the overreliance on economic indicators of development.

15. Galtung, "Generalized Methodology for Social Research," p. 230. 16. Galtung, "Science and Development Assistance," p. 162. 17. ECC, pp. 42-43. Galtung does not firmly establish whether he takes a realist or phenomenalist viewpoint. Though he insists upon empirical verification of observation statements, his writing suggests an agnosticism as to whether things exist behind their appearances, as illustrated by his reference to the claims of others concerning the empirical world, his preoccupation with the logical connections between types of sentences, and his frequent emphasis on perception of the empirical world rather than the world itself.

He drew upon Maslow's well-known "hierarchy of needs" but did not discuss Maslow's depiction of human needs as universal instinctual products of human physiological and psychological 41 42 makeup. "13 Yet a similar view of needs as reflective of differing social contexts was evident in Galtung's discussion then, and especially so in his more recent writing. "14 This seems to be what Galtung was also driving at, since he depicted the satisfaction of the whole range of human needs as marking the realization of positive peace, a condition in which individual self-realization becomes truly possible.

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