By Winfried Bruns, H. Jürgen Herzog

ISBN-10: 0521410681

ISBN-13: 9780521410687

Within the final twenty years Cohen-Macaulay jewelry and modules were primary issues in commutative algebra. This booklet meets the necessity for an intensive, self-contained creation to the homological and combinatorial features of the idea of Cohen-Macaulay jewelry, Gorenstein jewelry, neighborhood cohomology, and canonical modules. A separate bankruptcy is dedicated to Hilbert features (including Macaulay's theorem) and numerical invariants derived from them. The authors emphasize the research of specific, particular earrings, making the presentation as concrete as attainable. So the final conception is utilized to Stanley-Reisner earrings, semigroup jewelry, determinantal earrings, and earrings of invariants. Their connections with combinatorics are highlighted, e.g. Stanley's top certain theorem or Ehrhart's reciprocity legislations for rational polytopes. the ultimate chapters are dedicated to Hochster's theorem on monstrous Cohen-Macaulay modules and its purposes, together with Peskine-Szpiro's intersection theorem, the Evans-Griffith syzygy theorem, and limits for Bass numbers. all through each one bankruptcy the authors have provided many examples and routines, which, mixed with the expository variety, will make the ebook very priceless for graduate classes in algebra. because the simply smooth, huge account of the topic it is going to be crucial interpreting.

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Extra resources for Cohen-Macaulay rings

Example text

So M is S–cotorsion–free. ✷ The proof of the corollary does not need the full strength of algebraically independent sets. 26. Let M be an S–torsion–free and S–reduced R–module over a commutative S–ring R. If |M | < 2ℵ0 , then M is S–cotorsion–free. Proof. Consider a non–trivial homomorphism ϕ : R −→ M . If 1ϕ = 0, then Rϕ = 0 and Rϕ = 0 because R is dense in R and all homomorphisms are continuous with respect to the S–topology. Thus we have 1ϕ = 0. Since Im ϕ ∼ = R/ Ker ϕ ⊆ M is S–torsion–free and S–reduced, we may choose a subsequence (qk ) of (qn = s1 · · · sn )n<ω such that qk ∈ / qk+1 R + Ker ϕ (k < ω).

If yh = 0 for some y ∈ M , then there is i ∈ I and x ∈ Mi such that y = xfi , and hence xfi = 0. By assumption there is i ≤ j ∈ I such that xfij = 0. Then ✷ y = xfi = xfij fj = 0, and h is an R–isomorphism. Given a class C of modules, we will denote by lim C the class of all modules M −→ M for some direct system (Mi , fij | i ≤ j ∈ I) such that such that M ∼ = lim −→i∈I i Mi ∈ C for all i ∈ I. If D = (Mi , fij | i ≤ j ∈ I) and D = (Mi , fij | i ≤ j ∈ I) are direct systems of modules, then a sequence of R–homomorphisms hi : Mi → Mi (i ∈ I) satisfying hi fij = fij hj is called a direct system of R–homomorphisms (from D to D ).

P0 → A → 0 such that Pi is finitely generated for each i ≤ m + 1. Moreover, let B ∈ S–Mod–R and C an injective left S–module. Then i ∼ TorR i (A, HomS (B, C)) = HomS (ExtR (A, B), C) for each i ≤ m. 12. 11 for left R–modules A. For (a), it has the form HomR (A, HomS (B, C)) ∼ = HomS (B ⊗R A, C) for any B ∈ S–Mod–R and C ∈ S–Mod, for example. 11 (a) The map defined by mapping a homomorphism ai ⊗ bi → f : A → HomS (B, C) to the element i f (ai )(bi ) i in HomS (A ⊗R B, C) is easily seen to be a natural group isomorphism of HomR (A, HomS (B, C)) onto HomS (A ⊗R B, C).

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