By Anthony Oberschall

ISBN-10: 0203944852

ISBN-13: 9780203944851

ISBN-10: 0415411602

ISBN-13: 9780415411608

This groundbreaking e-book presents an built-in account of ethnic, nationality and sectarian conflicts within the modern global together with the function of collective myths, the mass media and the ethnification of identities as individuals to ethnic conflicts and wars. as well as many examples from the final twenty years, Oberschall offers a finished evaluation of the clash and peace approaches in Bosnia, Northern eire and the center East. Oberschall analyzes: peace construction via constitutional layout continual sharing governance disarming warring parties, post-accord defense and refugee go back transitional justice (truth and reconciliation commissions, struggle crimes tribunals) monetary and social reconstruction in a multiethnic society. as well as many examples from the final twenty years, Oberschall offers a accomplished review of the clash and peace tactics for Bosnia, Northern eire, and Israel-Palestinians. He argues that insurgency creates contentious matters over and above the unique root reasons of the clash, that the inner divisions in the adversaries set off conflicts that jeopardize peace tactics, and that protection and rebuilding a failed country are a precondition for lasting peace and a democratic polity. This publication may be crucial interpreting for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars, researchers and teachers drawn to the fields of peace stories, warfare and clash reviews, ethnic experiences and political sociology.

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1957: 159) 22 The dynamics of ethnic conflict The moral order becomes a social fact and is experienced as part of the natural order that is not subject to dispute: who would want to dispute the force of gravity or the changing seasons of the year? Collective myths legitimize our ideals, values, and moral codes, and make them compelling for us. Most of what we know and want to know about public affairs is not, or only in part, personally experienced. Charles Lindblom observed that: I take it as undeniable that what people think about the social world .

Zionism created the myth that there was plenty of land in Palestine for two peoples, that the Arabs wouldn’t be harmed and dispossessed by the influx of Jews, that unlike other white-settler colonies the Jews would return to their “homeland” and create an egalitarian society by taming “nature” and not its Arab inhabitants, and that Arabs belonged to some 20 sovereign states, not to Palestine, where they were recent arrivals. The Palestinian myth is a denial of Israel’s permanence: Palestinians will return to villages and houses they fled that no longer exist.

Justice Richard Goldstone wrote that “It is my belief that when nations ignore the victims’ call for justice, they are condemning their people to the terrible consequences of ongoing hatred and revenge” (2000: 60). Yet adversaries tend to deny, or minimize, atrocities and war crimes committed by their own group, and highlight and exaggerate those alleged to have been committed by the others. The self-image of ethnic groups and nations is positive: its members derive dignity from it, and seek public recognition for it.

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Conflict and Peace Building in Divided Societies: Responses to ethnic violence by Anthony Oberschall

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