By James Denbow, Phenyo C. Thebe

ISBN-10: 0313018529

ISBN-13: 9780313018527

ISBN-10: 0313331782

ISBN-13: 9780313331787

Botswana's huge deposits of diamonds have made it one of many richest African nations on a according to capita foundation. even if, greater than wealth, what has made Botswana a version kingdom in southern Africa is its lengthy culture of democratic rule, recognize for ethnic and racial ameliorations, freedom of the click, and governmental courses to help its voters. although Botswana has had its proportion of problems—including ecological mess ups corresponding to drought— the spirit of its humans and their willingness, regardless of cultural modifications, to interact to beat such setbacks make this nation extraordinary. normal readers will discover a wealth of up to date details on such issues because the legacy of Christian missionaries, particularly the recognized David Livingstone, society post-Independence, the original combination of Christianity and ancestral non secular practices, the AIDS hindrance, initiation rites, group rule by means of chiefs, polygamy, livestock elevating, meals and beer, betrothal customs, schooling, specific video games, the imperative song and dance, and masses more.The authors supply an intensive, one-stop source for studying a couple of major kingdom that has stayed peaceable regardless of the strife of neighboring South Africa and Angola, for instance. Narrative chapters via those insiders conceal the land, humans, languages, schooling, economic system, background, faith and worldview, literature and media, paintings and structure, delicacies and conventional gown, gender roles, marriage, and kin, social customs and way of life, and track and dance. images, a chronology, and a word list supplement the narrative.

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The layout of these communities parallels the later Tswana pattern of housing clusters built in a semicircle around central animal kraals where the kgotla would also have been situated. The Mfecane (Difaquane) In the first two decades of the nineteenth century, wars, raids, and population dislocations known as the Mfecane or Difaquane (derived from Zulu words meaning “crushing” or “pushing and shoving”) rolled across southern Africa. The reasons for this turmoil are diverse and include both indigenous and European factors.

Queen Ntebogang Gaseitsiwe, who stood in as acting chief for kgosi Bathoen II of the Ngwaketse between 1924 and 1928). Perhaps setting the stage for Botswana’s later democracy, even in the early nineteenth century considerable freedom was allowed for individuals to discuss and criticize community affairs within the kgotla, as Campbell observed: “Such is the freedom of speech at those public meetings, that some of the captains [headmen] have said of the King, that he . . ”15 Almost a century and a half later, very similar criticisms made by an old man in the kgotla in Mochudi were broadcast over the radio when Vice President Sir Ketumile Quett Masire became president at the death of Sir Seretse Khama in 1980.

Before 1970, livestock formed the economic backbone of the country, accounting for a vast majority of Botswana’s export revenues. Although diamonds and copper now dominate the export economy, cattle are still important economically as a store of wealth and a source of milk, meat, and hides for most of the population. Europe has been one of the important importers of Botswana beef, which picked up in the 1970s as abattoirs were opened in Lobatse, Maun, and Francistown. One of the major constraints to cattle export has been periodic outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease that have required strong measures, including continuously manned cordon fences that stretch across the country, to control it.

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Culture and Customs of Botswana (Culture and Customs of Africa) by James Denbow, Phenyo C. Thebe

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