By W. Merrill (auth.), Professor Dr. Robert A. Blanchette, Professor Dr. Alan R. Biggs (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3662016427

ISBN-13: 9783662016428

ISBN-10: 3662016443

ISBN-13: 9783662016442

For the previous decade, it's been obvious to either one of us reference textual content protecting all elements of tree safety mechanisms to fungi used to be lacking, wanted and lengthy past due. one of these e-book would offer a transparent, finished review of ways residing roots, stems and leaves reply to fungal pathogens. the necessity for this sort of publication grew to become in­ creasingly transparent to us from our conversations with one another, in addition to from our interactions with scholars and co-workers who wanted a sourcebook containing experiences of morphological, biochemical and physiological elements of host-parasite interactions in bushes. in the course of a box journey subsidized through the woodland Pathology Committee of the Ameri­ can Phytopathological Society, on a bus from one web site to a different, we determined to take the accountability to arrange a publication of this kind and commenced to devise its composition. To competently tackle the subject of this publication as we had anticipated it, we believed that well-illustrated chapters have been wanted which will mirror the $64000 advances made through the various investigators who've tested the anatomical and physiological alterations that ensue whilst bushes are attacked by means of fungi. we're thankful to Dr. Tore Timell, the wooden technology editor for Springer-Verlag, for assisting our efforts and for offering an road to post this type of profusely il­ lustrated volume.

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Extra info for Defense Mechanisms of Woody Plants Against Fungi

Example text

The source of callus tissue also varies to some extent. In scoring experiments with poplar, silver maple, pear, and apple, callus formation was contributed mainly by living cells of vascular rays in the proximity of the cut, and, to a lesser extent, the longitudinal parenchyma of the phloem and xylem (Soe 1959). In linden, callus tissue forms from any active, newly formed cambial derivative rather than from any one particular cell type (Barker 1954). Generally, there is a diversity of opinion on the source of callus in the regeneration of new bark (Bloch 1941), although most researchers agree that the original vascular cambium does not contribute significantly to the formation of callus tissue.

1970) would not last 15 years before a new race of Cronartium ribicola would overcome it. The (forest pathologist) audience smiled politely at this field crops man who obviously did not understand forestry. Only 11 years later a race of C. ribicola was found overcoming this resistance gene (Kinloch and Comstock 1981). Another race of the fungus, more virulent than the normal wild type, has since been found (McDonald et al. 1984). The US Forest Service screening program for fusiform rust resistance in pine seedlings selects for vertical resistance, and this is fraught with grave dangers, as agronomists have discovered repeatedly.

Phytopathology 54:261-263 Marx DH 1972 Ectomycorrhizae as biological deterrents to pathogenic root infections. Annu Rev Phytopathol 10:429-454 McDonald GI, Hansen EM, Osterhaus CA, Samman A 1984 Initial characterization of a new strain of Cronartium ribicola from the Cascade Mountains of Oregon. Plant Dis 68:800-804 Melander LW, Craigie JH 1927 Nature of resistance of Berberis spp. to Puccinia graminis. Phytopathology 17:95-114 Merrill W 1970 Microorganisms in the bases of dead branches of Pinus strobus (Abstr).

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Defense Mechanisms of Woody Plants Against Fungi by W. Merrill (auth.), Professor Dr. Robert A. Blanchette, Professor Dr. Alan R. Biggs (eds.)

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